What is a sponge cake – Simpler than you think

For all the cake lovers out there, the sponge cake is one of the most popular cakes around the world. But exactly, what is a sponge cake? Well, you’ll be pleased to know that it only requires three ingredients: flour (usually wheat), butter, sugar and eggs. There’s the option of adding baking soda in order to make the cake rise even higher. What is a Sponge cake?

This scrumptious appetizer has it origins in Europe – when it looked fairly different some centuries ago. Later on the so called Victorian sponge cake ( in honor of Queen Victoria) was introduced to the world.

Preparing this tasty treat involves steps that are as simple as the recipe would suggest. The cake itself is often used as a base for a number of delicious desserts.

Let me take you on a yummy journey and show you how this delicious creation has evolved from simple and flat to spongy and mmm..

Will The Cake Please Rise

The sponge cake that many of us savor today was first made in Europe (possibly Spain) during what is known as the Renaissance ( 1600s – 1700’s). This period signaled the end of the middle ages and the beginning of the modern era. What is a sponge cake was also about to change.

This cake was not always so spongy; in fact it looked more like a large cookie than a cake. By the middle of the 1700s yeast was being replaced by beaten eggs as a raising agent for cakes (What’s Cooking America).

Enough air needed to be beaten into the mixture before it was ready to be poured into molds and then on to the oven for baking. The eggs along with the air caused the cake to rise higher than ever before; but there was more to come.

Fit For A Queen

The sponge cake will eventually rise even higher while at the same time earning a new title – the Victorian Sponge. Other names included the Victorian sandwich and Victorian cake. The name was adopted in honor of Queen Victoria who ruled England from 1837 until her death in 1901.

She was known to savor a piece of sponge cake with her afternoon tea. I must say this would have been an exquisite part of the day for the queen. Eating sponge cake and sipping your favorite drink while relaxing is a sublime experience for many.

How To Make One 8″ Round Sponge Cake, 2″ Tall

One thing many of us like is simplicity, especially when it comes to preparing our favorite desserts. The sponge cake fits this bill very well – let me show you how.

  • Whip 4 eggs in a stand mixer for approximately one minute.
  • While you continue to whip the eggs add 1 cup of granulated sugar (1.5 cup powder sugar) in thirds.
  • Preheat the oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit – the rack should be in the middle of the oven.
  • If you want your cake to rise evenly attach the wet baking strips around your baking pan.
  • Sift one cup of all-purpose flour and one teaspoon of baking powder – do this two times.
  • Bring together melted butter and hot water and whisk together until well mixed.
  • Go back to the egg and sugar mixture and whip for 20 minutes – it will be ready when the batter ribbon sliding off the whisk remains visible for 2 to 3 seconds. Make certain the eggs are completely whipped before moving on to the next step in order for your sponge cake to rise properly.
  • Now add one tablespoon of vanilla extract.
  • At this time you can mix the flour with the eggs. Do so in halves, meticulously folding with a spatula while tracing a number eight with each stroke. To avoid your cake from being tough do not over fold. Simply make sure that all the flower is incorporated into the batter.
  • Now it’s time to add the melted butter mixture to the batter. Discreetly mix until you can’t see any streaks of the liquid.
  • It is time to pour the batter into an 8-inch round cake pan that’s a minimum of 2 inches deep.
  • Place the cake pan in the middle rack of the 350 degrees Fahrenheit preheated oven and bake for 30 minutes.
  • Check your cake by sticking a toothpick/skewer into it. If it’s clean with no crumbs when you pull it out then your cake is done and ready to be removed from the oven.
  • Place it on a cooling rack and let it sit for about 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Now flip it onto a cooling rack and remove the foil. Allow the cake to cool for six to eight hours; this will prevent your cake from crumbling when you slice it horizontally in two halves.

World Renowned

Sponge cake is a popular base for many delicious desserts. A slice of Victorian sponge cake can be enjoyed with whip cream, a strawberry or any fruit of your choice. Your imagination is really what will allow you to create your own delicious master piece.

People around the world use the sponge cake to make some mouth-watering desserts. In Southeast Asia, for example, people created the Pandan cake; while the Tres Leches cake has its origins in Latin America. This cake uses three types of milk – condensed, evaporated and heavy cream.

The sponge cake is frequently used for birthdays and many other special occasions. Yes, it is highly likely that you have enjoyed this heavenly treat.

Simply Delicious

If you’re looking for a cake that’s simple to make and is a joy to eat, you have to look no further than the Sponge cake. This delicious treat was first made in Europe hundreds of years ago; now it is enjoyed by households around the world.

You’ll need to remember three simple ingredients: butter, sugar and eggs. The not so secret secret to the sponge cake is the air and eggs that are beaten into the batter. Before eggs were first used, the sponge cake looked more like a large cookie.

The cake would rise even higher when baking powder was introduced. By this time the cake was named after Queen Victoria; she always enjoyed a piece of Victoria Sponge cake with her afternoon tea.

This cake’s baking instructions are a bit longer than the list of ingredients; nevertheless, they are equally simple. The end result will surely be worth it.

People around the world have become fond of the sponge cake. The Pandan cake originated in South East Asia while the Tres Leches cake hails from Latin America.

This simple and yet widely savored cake has become a fixture in homes around the world.


To make a delicious Sponge cake with ease scroll down and get a great cook book that will show you how.


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  1. I probably shouldn’t have read this article because I haven’t eaten today and now I’m hungry lol. I’ve had a lot of sponge cake from the local bakery here in my town that offers pretty much every tasty treat you can think of and I can vouch for how good they are. Now, I’m off to get one for my girlfriend and I for tonight!

    • Hey there Corey, sponge cakes are not only delicious, they are a edible canvas. Your imagination will be your your paint and brushes. That’s why they are world renown. 

      I hope you enjoyed that piece of cake with your significant other. Isn’t it great to share?!

      Thanks for your post, 


  2. Thank you for sharing. I like how you shared the basic ingredients of the sponge cake, along with its history. I appreciate that you shared a recipe that could be utilized by the rest of us aspiring bakers. I wonder if there is an adequate substitute for the sugar. Like many out there, I am having to steer away from sugar for health reasons. Thank you again.

    • Hey Lee, I enjoy baking myself; however, the sugar is something we all should keep in moderation – like all things, except love. I found an article that might help answer your question: 


      Give it a try and let me know how it comes out. I think it’s going to be very good. 

      Thank you for your comment, 


  3. I love tastiness and cakes are one of the few snacks/food I normally consume steadily but I’ve never heard of this sponge cake until now, I actually love the cupcakes too and the sponge cake looks like another alternative to my regular consumption of normal taste. Going by the preparation, I’ll love to make them some days soon.

  4. This is a wonderful and carefully reviewed product. I actually read over and over in order to be convinced. Its only possible to have good result when all factors are put into consideration.I have read about sponge cake before now but i can attest to the fact that this is the most comprehensive and extensive review i have ever read about this product. Thanks for the eye opener

    • Hello Tracy, I really appreciate your comment. The sponge cake is in fact a simple cake, with only three of even four ingredients. However, the different possible creations that can be done with it are only limited by the imagination. 

      I do my best to make sure the reader has as much information as possible. Attention to detail is very important; especially when it comes to baking. After all, we just want to enjoy the tasty fruits of our labor. 

      Thank you for your comment, 


  5. I love sponge cakes. It is one of the best desserts of my choice but I don’t just know how to prepare it. I will love to know all the processes of preparations involved so I can prepare it on my own and also to my own taste.I ate a very yummy one last month in a close by eatery. I could do it for business even though it is not part of my tradition but I know people will love it here.

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